Communication system is ensured via a system of line and station facilities of post, telephone, telegraph, and tele-and-radio communication. Long-distance communication is based on cable and radio-relay lines. International communication is based on the digital space lines. Mobile phone services are now also available in most major cities of Uzbekistan. In 2000, the country had 5 Internet Service providers.
International country code: + 998 (Uzbekistan)
Taskent: Area code: 71
Samarkand: Area code: 66
Time - GMT plus five hours
Electricity / Voltage
Electricity - 220 volt, 50Hz
Plugs are the two-pin types as found in continental Europe. Adapters are sometimes available, however you should carry your own.
Uzbekistan currency is called Uzbek Sum. Currency code: UZS.
Notes are in denominations of Sum 500, 200, 100, 50, 25, 5, 3 and 1.
Coins are in denominations of 25, 10 and 5 sum.
All bills are normally settled in cash or credit cards. US Dollars are the most widely acceptable form. Travellers are recommended to carry Cash (US Dollars) in small denominations. Old US dollar bills (prior to 1990), and those in poor condition (with writing or stamps), may not be accepted. It is illegal to change money in the black market and penalties can be harsh. Banks and the currency exchange bureaux in major hotels will exchange at the official rates.
Credit cards : Acceptable only by some major hotels in tourist centres and banks.
Euro cheques : These are not accepted.
Travellers' cheques : Limited acceptance (accepted in all hotels).
Currency restrictions : The import of foreign currency is unlimited, but should be declared on arrival. The export of foreign currency is permitted up to the amount declared on arrival. The import and export of local currency is prohibited.
Banking hours : 0930-1730 Monday to Friday.
Very light and loose clothing (preferably cotton or natural fibres) is recommended for daytime use, with a light jumper and/or casual jacket for the cooler evenings. In colder weather, bring warm boots and woollen layers. When desert trekking, be ready for nightly temperature drops. If you leave lowland Uzbekistan for the mountains of Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan, prepare well for intense cold, strong winds and heavy snows.
Because of a large amount of sightseeing on foot in dry, dusty and sometimes rough areas (i.e. dirt, cobblestones, etc.), comfortable, solid walking shoes with strong soles and support are essential You may be required to remove your shoes on entry to some religious sites. There are no special clothing requirements for visiting Islamic religious sites, except that you should take care to cover most parts of your body including arms and legs.
Above all travellers are encouraged to dress for comfort rather than fashion. Valuable jewellery and any clothing requiring special attention should be left at home.
Due to very high danger of sunburn, your clothing should offer as much protection as possible.
A hat with good shade protection and sunglasses are essential.
In some areas the average visitor may appear extremely wealthy to local people. A lavish display of jewellery, bulging handbags and wallets and a neck full of cameras will make you stand out in a crowd. Be discreet, respectful of local culture and traditions and carry the minimum of valuables.
A shoulder bag with a strong strap or a small rucksack is the most practical way of carrying cameras and personal belongings during your stay. Your entire luggage should be secured with a padlock. Always make sure that all cases and bags are clearly labelled. The label should carry your name and destination details but not your address of the outbound journey. It is a good idea to label your luggage inside. This will enable airport authorities to identify your luggage should it become lost or the labels removed. Never leave your luggage unattended at airport or train stations.
Your free airline luggage allowance is 20 kg per person plus one additional piece of 'carry-on' hand luggage on domestic flights within Central Asia, except Turkmenistan, where the maximum baggage allowance is 10 kg. Because you will be travelling in some areas where travel conditions are rather basic, travellers are strongly urged to restrict their luggage to one main suitcase or backpack and one carry-on overnight bag.
Individual safety boxes are not always available in Hotels. An essential part of your luggage is a comfortable money wallet, which may be worn under your clothing. At all times you should carry your main documents (i.e. currency, travellers cheques, air tickets, passports, visas etc.) While it is highly unlikely you will encounter any physical danger, minor thefts in crowded pubic places may occur and every precaution should be taken to avoid loosing anything of value.
In accordance with local laws, you will be required to hand in your passport to the hotel reception on arrival to allow registration of your passport details by the hotel. Your passport will normally be available again after a few hours.
No difficulty is put in the way of visitors who wish to photograph places of historic interest.
Photography inside some religious monuments and in airports, railway stations or near military installation may not be allowed. If in doubt ask your local guide. Please also note that there is a fee for photography in most sightseeing places (not included in your tour price).
Films and batteries are available in major cities, but you are recommended to purchase your supply before arrival, particularly if you have the latest modification or a sophisticated type of camera that requires a specific film and / or batteries.
Travellers in Central Asia will be pleasantly surprised by the interesting jewellery, clothing and local handicrafts. Books, postcards and maps are other popular souvenirs. There are restrictions on exporting carpets from the country, ask your Tour Manager for detailed up-to-date information on this matter, before purchasing one.
Handicrafts may be purchased at specialized art workshops in all the cities of Uzbekistan . Every year a growing number of tourists to Uzbekistan stipulate the demand for manual craft products. Everyone wants to take home not only vivid impressions but also an original souvenir. Shops offer a wide choice of articles made of semi-precious stone; carved and painted wood, bone of horn, embroidered skull-caps, decorative wall-hanging suzane , ceramics, miniatures, varieties of hand-made silk, including khanatlas, etc.
The best place to experience the "life in the East" is a bazaar. The bazaars of Bukhara and Samarkand offer goods ranging from herbs and spices to carpets. Famous "Bukhara" carpets are actually Turkoman products that have been sold for centuries in Bukhara's carpet bazaars. Many museums have small retail shops with a variety of modern wares and some original items as well.
Bargaining is expected in markets - the asking price for food will be pretty close to the selling price, but for handicrafts expect a more substantial reduction.
All the travellers are obliged to fill in the Customs Declaration Form duplicate upon entering Uzbekistan . All currencies and other valuable items such as jewellery, cameras and computers being imported into the country must be declared in this form.
The Customs Declaration Form must be surrendered at the time of departure. This allows an easy export of all imported items.
It is essential to produce encashment certificates for all currencies cashed within Uzbekistan in access of US$ 2,000.00 (two thousand).
Duty Free : The following goods may be imported into Uzbekistan by tourists aged 18 and older without incurring customs duty:
400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500g of tobacco products; 2 litres of alcoholic beverages; a reasonable quantity of perfume for personal use.
Prohibited imports : Firearms, ammunition and drugs. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking of illegal drugs are strict, and convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.
Prohibited exports : Items more than 100 years old and those of special cultural importance require special permission for export. When buying items that may be more than 100 years old, ask for a certificate stating the age of the item.
There's good rafting and kayaking a few hours by bus from Tashkent - you'll find flat water on the Syr-Darya and Angren rivers and more exciting stretches on the Ugan, Chatkal and Pskem. The peak rafting season is in September and October. The recreation zone of Chimgan, three hours by bus north-east of Tashkent, is a popular centre for winter sports , though it runs a poor second to those near Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) and Almaty (Kazakstan).
There are fine walks in the Angren River Valley, four hours by bus west of Tashkent; the canyon of the upper Angren, in particular, is spectacular. There are also good hiking trails from the Uzbekistan pocket of Shakhimardan, in the Pamir Alay Range south of the Ferghana Valley, all of which head into surrounding Kyrgyzstan.
Tashkent Lakeside Golf Club , the first and only International Championship Golf Course in Central Asia is conveniently located on the outskirts of Tashkent, a short 15 minute drive from the city center.
Course Layout, 7015-yard long 18-hole golf course provides a challenge to experienced golfers while providing new players ample opportunities to hone their game. The scenic lakes which surround the course lend a special character to each of the 18 holes.
TASHKENT LAKESIDE GOLF CLUB
No vaccination requirements for any international traveller.
Malaria: Sporadic autochthonous cases of P. vivax malaria are reported from Surkhanda-rinskaya Region (Uzunskiy, Sariassiskiy and Shurchinskiy districts).
Recommended prophylaxis: none.
You will be travelling in areas, which are largely free of major infection diseases, so there are no official vaccination requirements for foreign visitors. However we strongly recommend you to consult your physician of the Vaccination Centre for current health warnings and recommended vaccination.
As it is practically inevitable in the areas where water is high in mineral and metallic salts (as in the case with Central Asia) one should be prepared for minor gastric complaints. Consult your physician or pharmacist for recommended remedies.
Throughout the areas you will be travelling, one of the main health warnings is dehydration. At all times maintain a steady intake of non-alcoholic liquids.
Sunburn is another major problem. Bring adequate suntan lotion and a wide brimmed hat.
If desired, you may also bring a supply of vitamins, throat lozenges, a throat gargle to prevent basic infections, cold / flu tablets, aspirins, Band-Aids, antiseptics and antibacterial cream. Please, advise us if you have any allergies or particular medical aliments which may require special attention during the trip, if your doctor has prescribed any medication, make sure that you have sufficient supplies to last the duration of your holiday.
IMPORTANT: Please, ensure that you carry in your hand luggage any medicine you may require in case your suitcase is separated from you.
- Wash hands always before meals (sorry to remind it but it is important).
- Do not drink TAP WATER, purchase bottled water.
- Do not eat fruit / vegetables purchased at the market before it is disinfected.
- Carry a small knife for pealing fruit. Pack this in your aircraft hocked bag for all travel.
- Keep well hydrated with at least two litters a day or water / tea particularly when in deserts or at altitude.
- If you should suffer stomach problems DO drink lots of strong black tea, Coca-Cola. Do not eat for 24 hours. And report to your local guide, as soon as possible please.
A mixture of languages is spoken in Central Asia most of which are of Turkish origin, except for Tadjik, which is related to Persian. In addition, Russian is still widely used in Central Asian countries (although English is rapidly replacing this).
Language The official language is Uzbek (a Turkic group of tongues). From the very ancient times local people had their own written language - the Urhun alphabet up to the 8 th century. After the Arabian invasion in the 8 th century the Arabic alphabet was introduced. It was in use up to 1929. After 1929 there occurred the rapid shift from the Arabic to the Roman alphabet and then to a modified Cyrillic as the official script. Though, nowadays the Latin script is gradually replacing it.
Russian language is still greatly utilised as a means of interethnic communication. However with present Uzbekistan 's policies moving toward the West, the knowledge of English has become increasingly common.
All countries except Russia require a visa which takes approximately 5 days to process.
All foreign tourists must have valid passport and visa for Uzbekistan. Local tour operator or agency will send complete passport details to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( MOFA). Then MOFA will issue the visa authority and send il directly to the respective country. If there is no the Uzbek representation at the point of origin, then visa will be available upon arrival at Tashkent airport for nationals of those countries, where Uzbekistan did not established embassy or consulate.
In these cases travellers must get visa support letter and hotel voucher from tour agency or local organization of Uzbekistan.
Requirements for an application depend on the purpose of visit. Those traveling on business have to produce invitation from a business partner, tourist should produce valid travel documents, confirmation of an authorized and licensed travel company in Uzbekistan required; Private invitation for personal visits; Application form (supplied by the Embassy of Uzbekistan); one passport size photograph. Fees depend on the duration of stay in the country (see below).
It takes 7 working days to process the visa at M.F.A. After the invitee receives authorization number for visa issuance and advises it. The applicant should contact the Diplomatic mission in the area for its issuance.
IMPORTANT: M.F.A. provides visa upon arrival ONLY for citizens of the countries where Uzbekistan is not represented. However if passenger travels to Uzbekistan via countries where Uzbekistan does have Diplomatic mission proof (e.g. airline ticket, etc.) that transit time in such country is not sufficient for visa issuance must be provided together with application.
Requirements For Foreign Citizens To Enter Uzbekistan
1. Passport must be valid 3 months beyond intended stay
2. Tickets and Documents for return or onward travel
3. Visa is Required
4. Vaccination - None Required
Requrements For Foreign Citizens To Obtain Visa To Uzbekistan
1. Your valid signed Passport
2. Visa application form fully completed and signed
3. Passport-type photographs
4. For Business: Your host Company or Organization in Uzbekistan must contact the Uzbek Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations to have invitation faxed to the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan on your behalf.
To obtain Visa Support Authorization (Official Visa Invitation from Uzbekistan) choose Your Visa Type and complete Visa Support Application Form below:
VISA Application Form
Porzellangasse 32/5, 1090 Wien, Austria
370021, Boku, Badamdar
1st macadam road, 9th side-road, 437
Av.F.Roosevelt 99, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium,
Bejing, 100600 San Li Tun, Bei Xiao Jie 11,
tel : 8-10-8610-65326305, 65322551
Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036, USA
fax: 8-10-1202- 2936804
18, Sad EL Aali Str., Dokki, Cairo, Egypt,
22, Rue d'Aguesseau,
75008, Paris France,
Perleberger Strasse 62, 10559 Berlin, Germany
Av.F.Roosevelt 99, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium,
Via Tolmino, 12 00198 Roma
Sito internet: www.uzbekistanitalia.org
Tokyo 153-0064, Meguro-Ku,
1376-1, Soecho 2 dong, Socho-Ku, Dipl. Center, R 701, Seoul, Korea,
480100, Baribaeva street 36,
Tanistanova street, 213
11 Elisabetas street, room 11, Riga, Latvia
8-Suite 6.03, 6-th Floor, North Block, The Amp Walk, 218, Jalan Ampang, 50450,
House 2, Street 2,
Sector F-8/3, Islamabad, Pakistan,
109017 Moscow, Pogorolskij side street,
Karl Marks street 15,
Gerogli street 50A,
Willy Brant sok., 13,
Vladimirskaja street 16,
41,Holland Park, W11 3RP, London,
Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036, USA
fax 8-10-1202- 2936804
Murtazayeva Street 6/84
Murtazayeva Street 6
Tel: 34-17-74; 35-13-72
Sharq Tongi Street 25
Tel: 78-93-04; 77-87-47
Sayponaya Street 17
Murtazayeva Street ( Dip. Hotel)
Tarobiy Street 16
Gogol Street 79
H. Ergashev Street 9
Tel: 120-60-71; 120-60-74
Chilanzar Street 53
Tel: 120-60-21; 77-13-28
Akhunboboev Street 25
Tel: 133-53-82; 133-51-57
Tarobiy Street 16
15 Sharaf Rashidov Street
57 Gogle Street
Tolstoy Street 3
el: 133-82-67; 133-83-57
Gogol Street 73
Tel: 13-02-36; 132-02-37
Parkent Street 20
Tel: 68-69-68; 68-47-19
Lakhutiy Street 16A
Uliza Yusuf Kho s Khojib, 40
Sadik Azimov Street 52/1
Farkhad Street 9
Tel: 74-64-83; 74-24-79
H. Samatova Street 20
Korea - North
8 Niazov Street
Korea - South
Usmon Nosir Street 95
Samatova Street 30
Murtazaev Street 6
116/117 Tel: 34-92-13; 32-24-89
10 Tel: 67-56-23; 67-57-19
Murtazayev Street 6
Chilanzar Street 25
Imom Al-Termiziy Street 50
Tel: 54-94-18; 53-10-17
Miroshoh Street 27
Tel: 133-97-50; 152-56-61
Republic of Korea
Afrosiab Street 7
Tel: 152-31-51; 152-31-52
Akmal Pulat Street 43
Tel: 120-75-67; 48-27-13
Nukus Street 83
Tel: 152-62-80; 55-29-48
A. Babur Streer
Tel: 152-61-07; 152-61-08
Yakkasaroy Street 18
Tel: 120-68-52 120-69-52
Usman Nosir Street 4
Tel: 120-67-38; 10-67-39
Tarobiy Street 16
Tel: 54-99-66; 54-84-13
Gogol Street 87
Tel: 133-21-07; 120-65-35
Tarobiy Street 16
Gogol Street 68,
United States Of America
Chilanzor Street 82
Tel: 120-54-50; 77-14-07
Sh. Rashidov Street 100
Tel: 56-30-10; 63-42-98
Dostoevskiy Street 20
Tel: 68-88-82; 126-76-35